1941 : Memorandum from the Secretary of State to the President

Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Memorandum for the President.

I refer to your memorandum of January 26 on the subject of the St. Pierre-Miquelon occupation.
In view of the fact that certain policies are obligations of this Government relating to the war situation were materially affected on both sides of the Atlantic by the unexpected occupation of the St. Pierre-Miquelon islands by the Free French naval forces on December 2, 1941, this Government proceeded, in a spirit of friendly settlement which could be found acceptable by all concerned. This Government suggested a broad basic proposal, a copy of which …

Lire la suite

1941 : Secretary of State to Ambassador Leahy (Vichy France)

The secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Leahy)
Washington, December 25, 1941.

The Secretary of State issued the following statement today :
« Our preliminary reports show that the action taken by three so-called Free French ships at St. Pierre-Miquelon was an arbitrary action contrary to the agreement of all parties concerned and certainly without the prior knowledge or consent in any sense of the U.S. Government.
This Government has inquired of the Canadian Government as to the steps that Government is prepared to take to restore the status quo of these islands. »
Cordell Hull …

Lire la suite

1941 : The Consul at St. Pierre-Miquelon to the Secretary of State

Télégramme – The Consul at St. Pierre-Miquelon (Pasquet) to the Secretary of State.
St-Pierre-Miquelon, December 24, 1941 – 8 a.m.

Three Free French corvettes and submarine Surcouf under the command of Admiral Muselier entered early this morning to occupy St. Pierre-Miquelon. No difficulties anticipated. Pasquet…

Lire la suite

1941 : The Consul at St. Pierre-Miquelon to the Secretary of State

The Consul at St. Pierre-Miquelon (Pasquet) to the Secretary of State
St. Pierre-Miquelon, December26, 1941

(…) The Admiral plans to keep the corvette Mimosa, his flagship, and the Surcouf in St.Pierre until the colony is running smoothly again and its protection assured.
I then asked Admiral Museler what financial arrangements he expected to make to continue the supplying of this colony and he replied that the New York Free French committee was conduction negotiations to that effect but that in any event the General would be making suitable arrangements. This point, of course, has been brought up by several local …

Lire la suite

1941 : US President to UK Prime Minister

THE PRESIDENT
PRIME MINISTER
ST. PIERRE MIQUELON

1. On December 16th we had a telegram from the Foreign Office in which, after setting out the prospects of successful action in the islands, they say: « We are therefore informing the Free French Headquarters that we see no objection to their undertaking this operation. »

In the same telegram they asked me to be sure that this action did not embarrass the United States Government and to give time for this said that they were asking de Gaulle to postpone the issue of orders for 36 hours.

2. The matter was put to …

Lire la suite

1941 : Washington’s opposition to Free French Actions

Memorandum of Telephone Conversation, by Acting Chief of the Division of European Affairs (Atherton).
(Washington) December 16, 1941

(…) I informed Mr Moffat that the President did not favor a policy whereby the Free French were permitted to move in on the St. Pierre-Miquelon situation, that in this specific instance this was the issue at stake but that if later the question arose as to the Free French moving in on other French territorial possessions in this hemisphere, that with reference to recent exchanges between Washinton and Vichy, in so far as it was foreseeable now the attitude of this …

Lire la suite

Décembre 1941 – Une collection photographique exceptionnelle

scan0055Il existe un nombre inconnu de photographies relatant divers épisodes historiques des îles Saint-Pierre et Miquelon qui dorment toujours dans des albums à travers le monde. Par un pur hasard, c’est sur le réseau social reddit.com que le petit-fils d’un ancien mécanicien des FNFL a partagé sa collection de photographies inédites.

Cherchant la moindre bribe d’information au sujet de son grand-père et son vécu en temps de guerre, Émile Victor a numérisé puis partagé un bon nombre de clichés montrant marins, officiers, navires divers et diverses scènes.

Trois des clichés furent rapidement identifiés : l’Amiral Émile Muselier, un navire

Lire la suite

Gilbert de Bournat : brève étude de sa correspondance d’avant-guerre [2/6]

Ceci est le deuxième texte d’une série de six articles, consacré à l’ancien gouverneur des îles Saint-Pierre et Miquelon.

La lecture des quelques esquisses de lettres privées restées dans les papiers personnels du comte nous révèle les préoccupations d’un administrateur dévoué. Ainsi en témoignent deux lettres adressées à ses parents en 1938 et 1939.

Dans la première, datée du 14 mai 38, adressée à sa mère, Gilbert de Bournat expose brièvement les difficultés de sa tâche et son propre dévouement :

« Je (illisible) comme une brute pour essayer d’améliorer au moins légèrement la situation d’un pays où la vie

Lire la suite

Gilbert de Bournat : décembre 1941, l’arrivée de la France Libre et l’exil [3/6]

Ceci est le troisième texte d’une série de six articles, consacré à l’ancien gouverneur des îles Saint-Pierre et Miquelon.

Le départ de Gilbert de Bournat et de son épouse Suzanne devint un sujet préoccupant pour les gaullistes et l’Amiral Muselier. Que désirait véritablement l’ex-administrateur ? Pendant un temps il demanda son envoi sur Halifax où étudiait sa belle fille Nicole. Selon ses dires, les gaullistes s’opposèrent à cette requête de crainte de le voir présent dans la proche région de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon.

Prisonnier pendant plus de cinquante jours sur un des navires du port de Saint-Pierre, son départ se …

Lire la suite

Social Widgets powered by AB-WebLog.com.